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Senior Fellowship

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2012/2013 Fellowship Program fellows

Anna Malkhasyan

Hidden Value: Exploring Social Capital in Online Social Networks

Anna Malkhasyan’s research will explore the relationship between online social networks and social capital formation processes. Using a web survey of Facebook users and a series of qualitative interviews, Anna will try to understand what role Facebook has in amassing social capital and how Facebook users engage more people in their actions and promote their initiatives. Her hypothesis is that a positive relationship exists between certain forms of online social network uses and the formation of bridging and bonding social capitals. The expected results will equip government, NGO representatives, social political technologists, and PR specialists with the proper tools and recommendations to use online social networks to improve social capital formation processes.

Artyom Mkrtchyan  

The Nagorno Karabakh Conflict: War Rhetoric of the Presidents of Azerbaijan and Armenia 

The subject of the research is the unresolved conflict over Nagorno Karabakh and the official rhetoric about the possibility of a new war. Within the theoretical framework of constructivism and by using content analysis, the author discusses the Armenian and Azerbaijani presidents’ visions regarding the conflict, as expressed in their public statements, specifically the dynamics, character, geography and intensity of their war rhetoric. Through the findings presented in this paper, the author reveals conceptualized elements of bias speech, stereotypes, cases of hate speech and offensive language, as well as references to war from 2009 to 2011. The project pegs the tone of each speaker to general public opinion relating to the war over Nagorno Karabakh from its inception to the present. 

Full paper upon request at

Arusyak Aleksanyan

Index of Democracy Level (IDL): Discovering Factors that Influence Democracy in Armenia  

Arusyak Aleksanyan is researching the factors that influence democracy in Armenia. In particular, she seeks to understand what political, social, economic, and educational developments, if an, precondition democracy or if democracy preconditions these factors. Her hypothesis is that each country’s democracy is formed from the specific national, cultural, and traditional conditions that are unique to that country. The methodology will include quantitative (correlation and regression analyses) and qualitative (comparative analysis and logical method) tactics. She anticipates that the results will give insightful recommendations to improve democracy in Armenia and that this project can be used to analyze the democracies in other European countries.

Karine Markosyan

Investigating HIV-protective Behaviors among Armenian Female Sex Workers: Consistent Refusal of Unprotected Sex

Karine Markosyan’s research will focus on female sex workers in Armenia in order to understand the potential risks of a future HIV epidemic in the country. Although Armenia has a relatively low rate of HIV (0.1%), sex workers are a high-risk population for this virus. In particular, she will evaluate how frequently and consistently Armenian female sex workers refuse to provide unprotected sex to their male clients and the demographic, psychological, and behavioral predictors behind their refusal to engage in unprotected sex. She will use data from a study done in 2010 that interviewed 120 sex workers over the age of 18. Karine plans to publish her finalized report in a peer-reviewed journal and also disseminate it to relevant parties in Armenia.

Lusine Saghumyan


Fear of Loss: Stigmatization of Homosexual People in Armenia

Lusine Saghumyan will use her research to try to understand the causes for homosexual-related stigmas in Armenia by testing the justification ideology. Using document analysis and focus groups as her methodology, she will test her hypothesis that the main cause of such stigmas among Armenian youth is based on national, cultural, and religious attributes. She hopes that the findings from her research will be spread to NGOs working in the field who can reach the Armenian public and work against such negative sentiments.

Mariam Matevosyan


Trust, Institutions and Economic Growth in South Caucasus

Mariam Matevosyan is researching the relationship between trust and economic growth in the South Caucasus. Her research question explores how trust in core democratic institutions and economic growth relate and whether the level of interpersonal trust and the level of trust in core democratic institutions relate in Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. She will use an extensive literature review of secondary sources and CRRC’s Caucasus Barometer in her methodology. Her hypothesis is that in Armenia and Georgia, economic growth positively relates to the level of public trust in core democratic institutions.

Tatevik Zohrabyan 

Determining Factors Influencing the Female Labor Force Participation in the South Caucasus

Examining Factors Impacting Female Attitudes toward Having a Job in the South Caucasus

Tatevik Zohrabyan will address two principal topics in her research: the socio-economic determinants of female labor force participation in the South Caucasus and the factors that impact females’ perception that men are more entitled to employment when jobs are scarce. Her hypothesis is that variables such as age, level of education, marital status, geographic location, and household size and income impact these two topics. She will use both the logit and ordered logit models in this study and anticipates that the results will be used by interested government and non-government bodies who seek to promote equal opportunities and utilize available labor resources efficiently.

Vanuhi Mnatsakanyan and Ruzanna Gabrielyan are exploring Armenia’s system of setting the minimum optimal wage level. More specifically, their research question is whether the system must change and, if so, why and how to go about this. A minimum wage is important to alleviate poverty and support the labor market. Their methodology will include qualitative and quantitative econometric analysis as well as data collection. They anticipate that their results will serve as an analytical source for the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Ministry of Finance, and other organizations.

Setting the Minimum Optimal Wage Level in Armenia: Adjustments in the Social Policy

2010/2011 Fellowship Program fellows

Anna Minasyan
Anna Minasyan is undertaking a research project entitled "The Relation between Millennium Challenge Account Aid and Control of Corruption in Armenia". This research will address whether funding from the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides aid to countries that perform well on their governance indicators, is large enough for Armenia to improve its control of corruption. The research will be done by taking date from: a) the Worldwide Governance Indicators (by the World Bank), which is taken from survey and polls among country specialists and b) the CRRC Date Initiative on Corruption Perception in Armenia, which is a data collection done through surveying the civilian population and relying on their perception of corruption. The research hypothesis states that the incentive of receiving MCC aid has a positive impact on corruption indicators in Armenia. The research methodology used will be to perform a difference-in-difference (DD) comparative analysis and a regression analysis. Results of the two analyses will be compared.

Meri Yeranosyan
Meri Yeranosyan’s research project is entitled "Religious tolerance and the dominant Armenian Apostolic Church in desecularizing Armenia: the case of Shatin village". This research will ask the question why, following the breakup of the Soviet Union, the town of Shatin has experienced such a high level of religious tolerance while the rest of the country has dealt with widespread religious discrimination. The answer posited is that the fear of loosening social bonds and of alienation among the older population, in combination with the youth’s respect for their elders, is responsible for the level of religious tolerance in Shatin.

Nelli Gasparyan
Nelli Gasparyan is initiating a project entitled "Poverty and Growth Dynamics in Armenia". This project will address the dynamics of poverty in Armenia and its causes. This research will examine poverty over time and across regions. Furthermore, it will assess the underlying causes of, and the government’s social programs aimed at combating poverty. The research hypothesis presented is that different groups and regions of Armenia are disparately affected by economic growth and by social programs implemented by the government and international organizations.

Vilen Khachatryan
Vilen Khachatryan’s research project is entitled ‘Post-Crisis Developments in Armenia’, and will examine developments in Armenia’s economy since the economic crisis. The research will attempt to answer the following: a) what were the root causes and other factors contributing to the decline of the Armenian economy; b) could greater regional economic integration have helped to avoid this decline; c) could post-crisis developments cause a debt crisis in Armenia? The hypothesis is that: a) flawed sectoral diversification and great external dependence led to the economic crisis; b) the crisis would not have been so great had there been greater regional integration; c) the post-crisis developments will not cause a debt crisis.

Tamara Tsaturyan
Tamara Tsaturyan’s research project is entitled "Personality and leisure choices in Armenia". This research addresses people’s motivations to choose certain types of leisure activities over others that are more popular in ad campaigns. This analysis will be used to determine the relationship between the self-actualizing type of leisure and personality. Specifically, the research seeks to determine the kind of people that become involved in self-actualizing leisure activities, how they become involved and what benefits do they receive from participation in such activities. The proposed answer is that self-actualizing leisure activities in Armenia are driven more by personal characteristics than by cultural and social patterns and trends. This study will provide important insight into the health, well-being, level of happiness and satisfaction with life of the society and, therefore, may serve as a guide to constructing better policies on cultural and youth affairs and on healthcare.

2009/2010 Fellowship Program fellows

Marine Petrosyan
The risks of native product consumption in local Armenian agricultural market in case of open Armenian-Turkish border

Yulia Antonyan
Armenian Intelligentsia today and tomorrow: identity, mode of being, ways and forms of intellectual participation in social and cultural processes

Shushan Kurkchiyan
What is the role of Armenian NGOs in developing social capital

Anahit Petrosyan
Adoption of modern practices and methods in agriculture: Drivers versus Challenges and Limitations

2008/2009 Fellowship Program fellows
Anna Harutyunyan
Orientation of Armenia’s Schoolchildren of Upper Grades Towards Higher Education: A Study of Motives and Values Using the Case of Yerevan

Artak Kyurumyan
Domestically Issued Public Debt as a Sustainable Alternative Instrument for Debt Managers to Meet the Needs of Public Budget Deficit in Countries of South Caucasus in the Medium to Long Run

Kristine Hovhannisyan
The Role of International Donor Support in Promoting Civic Advocacy in Post Soviet Armenia

Lianna Mkhitaryan
Towards Performance Based Utility Sector in Armenia: Case of Drinking Water Supply Services

Narine Melikyan
Corporate Culture as Basis for Economic Democracy

Samvel Manukyan
Comparative Mathematical Models of Ethno Cultural Processes in South Caucasus Societies

Tigran Matosyan
Killer Seat Belts, Feminine Drivers and Tinted Windows: Pitfalls on the Way of Enforcement of Seat Belt Rules in Armenia

Vahram Gharakhanyan
The Number and Reintegration of Armenian Migrants Returned to Homeland from the United States of America: 1991-2008
2007 Fellowship Program fellows

Anahit Mkrtchyan
Creating a Democratic Armenia Together. The Problem of Adaptation for Diasporan Armenians in Armenian Society

Anna Sargsyan
Educational Problems of Disabled Children: A Comparative Analysis of Yerevan and One Region /draft/

Armine Asryan
Restructuring Schools in Armenian Neighborhoods: Does Social Capital Matter? /draft/

Hasmik Hovhanesian
The Impact of Dual Citizenship on Poverty Reduction in Armenia

Hayk Zayimtsyan
Making Deposit Insurance Work for Transition: Form, Substance and Implementation /draft/

Liana Hakobyan
Physical Activity Prevalence and Barriers to Physical Activity Among Yerevan's Adult Population /draft/

Mariam Martirosyan
The Lack of Adult Male Role Models in Armenia's Secondary Schools and its Impact on Armenian Male Teenagers' Conceptualizations of Masculinities

Gohar Ghantarchian
To Export or Not: The Prosperity Choice of an Armenian Firm

Satenik Mkrtchyan
Public Participation in School Management in Armenia: School Boards | Presentation | Recommendations

Tigran Harutyunyan
The Constitutional Right to a Jury Trial: Contributing to the Process of Armenia's Democratization?

Tigran Tovmasyan
The Impact of Civic Education on Schools, Students and Communities /draft/

2006 Fellowship Program fellows

Armen Asatryan
Migration in the South Caucasus Republics | Report | Recommendations

Artak Dabaghyan
Economy, Trade and Ethnicity in Borderlands: Ethnographical Survey in Tavush Region of Armenia | Comment | Articles (En) | Book (Armenian)

Anahit Gulyan
Opportunities and Prospects for the Development of State Mandatory Medical Insurance in Armenia | Brochure

Armine Mkhitaryan
Gender Indicators of Armenian Local Government Institutions (LGIs) /armenian/

Edik Kyureghyan
Main development directions of Armenian rural population | Recommendations | Database

Gyulnara Hovhannisyan
Gender Issues of the Pension System of the Republic of Armenia

2005 Fellowship Program fellows and their research topics

Dr. Anahit Mkrtchyan
The Challenges of Women in Armenia’s Employment Sector (full text paper) | Recommendations

Dr. Gohar Shahnazaryan
Gender Issues in Contemporary Armenia (full text paper) | Recommendation

Dr. Manuk Hergnyan
The Role of the Diaspora in Foreign Direct Investments in Armenia (full text paper) | Presentation

Ms. Diana Ter-Stepanyan
Civic Education in High Schools of Armenia | SPSS Databases | Questionnaire | Recommendations

Ms. Gohar Jerbashian
Child Poverty in Armenia

Mr. Sergey Harutyunyan
Effectiveness of Election Institutions in Armenia: Perceptions in Yerevan | Articles | SPSS Databases | Presentations

Dr. Armen Ktoyan
Strengthening Welfare Policies in Armenia with the Use of a Multifactor Index (full text paper) | Articles

Mr. Ruben Karapetyan
Socio-Cultural Trends in Armenia Between 1980 and 2005 Articles | Outputs

Ms. Nazik Gabrielyan
Migration of People from the Shirak Region, Republic of Armenia: A Geographical Survey | Articles | Bulletins

Mr. Samvel Manukyan
Socio-Political Trends in the South Caucasus: the Use of Mathematical Instruments

Mr. Sasun Muradyan
Increasing the Quality of Armenia’s Secondary Education System: The Need for Effective Management of Public Funds (full text paper)

Dr. Mkhitar Gabrielyan
Armenian Families in Transition: Anthropological and Cultural Perspectives (full text paper)

Dr. Masis Poghoyan
Antidemocratic Electoral Technologies in RA | Informative materials

Mr. Bagrat Harutyunyan
Corruption and Reforms in Armenia’s Education System (full text paper) | Article 1 | Article 2

Mr. Mihran Galstyan
Labor Migration Trends in Rural Armenia | Codes | Database | Questionnaire | Article 1 | Article 2

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