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CRRC-Armenia Research Fellowship on Civic Engagement in Local Governance


Arman Gasparyan
Arman is a political analyst with experience of working at public sector. He holds an undergraduate degree in Political Science from Yerevan State University and a Master’s degree in Political Science and International Affairs from the American University of Armenia. Currently, he is a PhD candidate at KU Leuven. He has served as a consultant for Council of Europe Strengthening the Independence, Professionalism and Accountability of the Justice System in Armenia and as a Fellow for the USAID Support to Armenian National Assembly Program (SANAP) project. He has been a CRRC Junior Fellow in 2013 and collaborated with CRRC staff within the scope of Civic Engagement in Local Governance (CELOG) project. He currently serves as junior expert at the State Agency National Centre for Legislative Regulation Foundation. His main area of research is governance and democracy at local level, including regional level public policy-making and urban planning.

“The Quality of Local Services and democracy in Armenia: does the community size matter?” by Arman Gasparyan in Armenian.

Presentation in Armenian

Artur Babayan
Artur is an MA student of Yerevan State University majoring in sociology. He holds a BA degree in crisis management from the Crisis Management State Academy. He has extensive experience of fieldwork, including opinion polls and in-depth interviews for CRRC-Armenia and the Laboratory of Applied Social Studies at Yerevan State University. He worked as a researcher at the Caucasus Institute in the framework of the Coalition for Trust project and as fieldwork manager at Doping Creative Advertising. His scientific interests include sociology of disaster and the politics of local government. 

Lena Mamikonyan
Lena completed her Master’s degree in Agribusiness and Marketing from Agribusiness Teaching Center (collaborative program between Armenian National Agrarian University and Texas A&M University) in 2013. Currently she works at the Union of Credit Organizations of RA as a manager of programs. At the same time she works at International Center for Agribusiness Research and Education (ICARE) as a Graduate Research and Teaching Assistant. Previously, she worked at the "Researchers for Bio-Heating Solutions" NGO as a researcher and "Nersisyan and friends" Ltd. as an economist. She has participated in a number of professional training courses and conferences as a speaker. 

Ofelia Grigoryan
Ofelia holds a BA and MA degrees (“Methodology of Sociological Studies” MA program) in Sociology from Yerevan State University. Currently she is a PhD student at the Chair of Theory and History of Sociology, YSU. She worked on “Local Identities in Yerevan” research project (financed by State Committee of Science of RA) in 2013-15. She is also a scholarship holder by CRRC – Armenia. While studying she has been the Chairman of Student Scientific Society of Faculty of Sociology, then the Deputy Chairman of YSU SSS. She is a participant of 9 conferences, author of 5 scientific articles and co-author of 1 collective monograph. Her research interests are in the fields of sociolinguistics, sociology of education, urban sociology and identity studies.

Sonya Msryan
Sonya is a PhD student at the Chair of Applied Sociology, Faculty of Sociology of YSU (Major: Methods of Sociological Researches). She holds BA degree in Economics from the Faculty of Economics, YSU, then continued her education at the Faculty of Sociology receiving MA degree in Sociology. She has studied at the Institute of Contemporary Art. Currently she works at the Armenian Territorial Development Fund as a sociologist, being involved in the implementation of communal development projects. Her main research interests encompass multivariate analysis methods of quantitative data, mathematical modeling in sociology, and social impact assessment of development projects. Sonya is an advocate of the idea of lifelong learning and has a strong belief that one should be involved in formal or non-formal educational activities through one’s entire life and should keep on working on self-development. 


Hermine Karapetyan

Following Sztompka: Transparent Activity as a Source of Public Trust Towards Local Governance (Armenian)

Margarita Gaboyan

Demographic Factors Affecting Citizen Participation in Armenia

Mariam Sukiasyan

Determining the Factors Influencing Residents' Awareness and Knowledge About Local Self-Government Body's Activities in Armenia

Fellows exploring the corruption dataset

Aghasi Tadevosyan
The nature of corruption, the public perception of it and impact on human development

Anna Martirosyan
Institutional Sources of Corruption in the Case of Armenia: Is It Rules, Blood and Culture, or Punishment?

Bagrat Harutyunyan
Chicken or the Hen Dilemma or Understanding of the Perception of Corruption in Armenia

Elmira Bakhshinyan
The role of the public opinion leaders in combating the corruption

Yevgenya Paturyan
Perceptions of the Role of Armenian Civil Society in Countering Corruption

Manuk Mikayelyan
Perceptions of Corruption in Armenia: Are They Correct?


Exploratory Research 2012

Lilit Meshchyan

Migration: Do benefits outweigh costs?

Lilit Meshchyan’s research is focusing on the influence that migration has on the development of donor countries. More precisely, the effect of emigration on the economic growth based on a database on CIS and CEE countries is tested empirically. To test the null hypothesis that emigration is positively correlated with economic growth, a panel model was constructed using annual data for 24 CIS and Central and Eastern European countries.  The main findings indicate that emigration reduces productivity and economic growth and remittances, even if they are spent on consumption, have income multiplier effects.  The author has also studied the social impact of emigration in Armenia, indicating that there is a gap between expectations of return migrants from experiences abroad and the real situation upon return. Moreover, although inflows of remittances to Armenia are significant their effect on long-term economic growth is doubtful, as they are mainly consumed for living expenses.

Lili Karapetyan

Demographic transformation. Challenges for macroeconomic policy-making
The main contribution of the study is to raise the issue of significant consequences of aging population on all the sectors in Armenia. The aim of the study is to evaluate the influence of demographic changes on the conventional financial programming model. The paper focuses on the sector-specific adjustments of financial programming model and its results. The main data sources for the study were the National Statistical Service of Armenia and Caucasus Barometer data. The main results of estimations suggest that deterioration of demographic situation will cause serious harm to fiscal accounts, GDP growth, savings, as well as the confidence of foreign investors. Thus, the author suggests several recommendations, which support the encouragement of higher rate of fertility, equal territorial development for reducing migration and growth of investments in education and science.

Vahe Movsisyan

Social Engagement in Armenia
Vahe Movsisyan’s paper focuses on specificities of social inclusiveness in Armenia. The main hypothesis of the research is that socially exclusive people have lower level of life satisfaction, are less happy and are more inclined towards permanent emigration. The author has used CRRC Caucasus Barometer survey database (2010) to construct a multidimensional social inclusion index, which describes the level of people’s involvement in social activities. It was found that about 20% of respondents have higher social exclusion level, while about 13% have highest level of social inclusion. The main areas of concentration are social relation field, civic and political engagement and economic life involvement. The author recommends calculating Social Inclusion Index on regular basis for monitoring the change in social inclusion processes in Armenia. Based on the main findings of the study he makes several policy recommendations aimed at increasing the level of social inclusion in our country.

Anahit Menemshan, Zaruhi Sargsyan

The Influence of Armenian Soap Operas (TV Serials) on the Formation of the Social Attitudes of Teenagers 
The paper focuses on the influence that Armenian Soap Operas have on social attitudes of teenagers. The main objective of this research is to find out the positive and negative influence of Armenian Soap Operas on the teenagers’ social behavior. The authors used data provided by the National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia as well as the data collected from surveys carried out among the teenagers all over the republic. The authors have studied the most popular TV series with different thematic focus, such as army, family, school etc, trying to reveal the messages they conveyed and attitudes of these soap opera fans towards different aspects of social life. The results of the study indicate that unlike the widespread belief of western scholars that media product embodies values of society, in Armenia it was found that negative values represented in the TV series don’t form negative social attitude. Thus, the authors try to draw the attention of the audience to the power of this media product and find a suitable application.

Anahit Poghosyan

Perceived role of Armenian Women in society: attitudes towards their political participation
Anahit Poghosyan sought to find out whether there are significant differences in attitudes towards women’s political participation and holding leading political positions between male and female citizens. Her study also aimed at discovering the obstacles towards the promotion of democracy and equal opportunities in Armenia. To test her null hypothesis that men have more negative attitudes towards women’s political participation than women the survey method was employed. The author's main findings show that the respondents generally believe that women should have equal opportunities of political participation. At the same time her findings reveal the general sentiments on Armenian women’s traditional role within the family. At the end the author demonstrated that men are more prone to think that politics is a man’s world than women's. With this statement the null hypothesis was accepted.

Gagik Galstyan

The impact of remittances on economic growth, poverty and income inequality in Armenia
Gagik Galstyan’s main goals for his paper were to demonstrate the positive and negative effects of remittances on issues such as long run GDP, poverty reduction, income inequality, etc. The author hypothesized whether the inflow of remittances affects income inequality (H1) and whether remittances harm current account (H2). In order to test the hypotheses the author applied several household and migrant survey databases, provided by the CRRC, International Labour Organization (ILO), the Central Bank of Armenia (CBA), National Statistical Service (NSS) and others. Regression analysis was performed  using those databases. This paper’s main results are that there is positive correlation between remittances and GDP growth, but in the long run remittances affect the GDP growth negatively. The author explained this phenomenon applying to concepts like moral hazard problem, brain drain or Dutch dicease. Testing the hypotheses H1 the author demonstrates that remittances positively influence Gini coefficient, which means that H1 is accepted. The author also discovered that remittances negatively influence Export, thus H2 is accepted as well.

Aleksandr Grigoryan

The role of remittances in migration: evidence from Armenia
Alexandr Grigoryan in his paper using cross-sectional data on non-migrant individuals’ and their households’ characteristics provided by European Training Foundation (ETF) Potential Migration Survey aimed at measuring the impact of remittances on intention to emigrate. Econometric analysis was performed in order to test the null hypothesis that it is not essential who is sending remittance, a household or non-household member. First of all the author demonstrates that those who have higher salary are more inclined towards emigration, due to the feeling of being more competitive in labor markets abroad.  His later findings are closely connected to the hypothesis. In this regard, the main findings of this research are that growth of remittances increases willingness to migrate, but at the same time presence of a migrant in a household establishes disincentives for non-migrants to migrate. With the help of this finding the null hypothesis is refuted.

Ella Karagulyan

Institutional and generalized trust in Armenia: individual level factors
Ella Karagulyan’s main objective within the framework of this paper was to analyze the determining factors of the individual level of social and political trust as far as the Armenian society is considered. The research was conducted using the CRRC Social Cohesion Survey database of 2011. The analysis consisted of exploratory and explanatory parts. The latter was based on OLS regression method. Using this method the effect of various socio-demographic, economic, attitudinal and other characteristics on the individual level of social and political trust in Armenia was analysed. The author’s main finding was that trust towards public institutions is dependent on where/by whom the person is brought up, i.e. family or close relatives. In contrast, as far as trust is personified it is done on the individual level. According to the author it would be suitable to apply the outcome when developing capacity building strategies.

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