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Fellows exploring the corruption dataset


Aghasi Tadevosyan
The nature of corruption, the public perception of it and impact on human development

Anna Martirosyan
Institutional Sources of Corruption in the Case of Armenia: Is It Rules, Blood and Culture, or Punishment?

Bagrat Harutyunyan
Chicken or the Hen Dilemma or Understanding of the Perception of Corruption in Armenia

Elmira Bakhshinyan
The role of the public opinion leaders in combating the corruption

Yevgenya Paturyan
Perceptions of the Role of Armenian Civil Society in Countering Corruption

Manuk Mikayelyan
Perceptions of Corruption in Armenia: Are They Correct?

 


Exploratory Research 2012


Lilit Meshchyan

Migration: Do benefits outweigh costs?

Lilit Meshchyan’s research is focusing on the influence that migration has on the development of donor countries. More precisely, the effect of emigration on the economic growth based on a database on CIS and CEE countries is tested empirically. To test the null hypothesis that emigration is positively correlated with economic growth, a panel model was constructed using annual data for 24 CIS and Central and Eastern European countries.  The main findings indicate that emigration reduces productivity and economic growth and remittances, even if they are spent on consumption, have income multiplier effects.  The author has also studied the social impact of emigration in Armenia, indicating that there is a gap between expectations of return migrants from experiences abroad and the real situation upon return. Moreover, although inflows of remittances to Armenia are significant their effect on long-term economic growth is doubtful, as they are mainly consumed for living expenses.

Lili Karapetyan

Demographic transformation. Challenges for macroeconomic policy-making
The main contribution of the study is to raise the issue of significant consequences of aging population on all the sectors in Armenia. The aim of the study is to evaluate the influence of demographic changes on the conventional financial programming model. The paper focuses on the sector-specific adjustments of financial programming model and its results. The main data sources for the study were the National Statistical Service of Armenia and Caucasus Barometer data. The main results of estimations suggest that deterioration of demographic situation will cause serious harm to fiscal accounts, GDP growth, savings, as well as the confidence of foreign investors. Thus, the author suggests several recommendations, which support the encouragement of higher rate of fertility, equal territorial development for reducing migration and growth of investments in education and science.

Vahe Movsisyan

Social Engagement in Armenia
Vahe Movsisyan’s paper focuses on specificities of social inclusiveness in Armenia. The main hypothesis of the research is that socially exclusive people have lower level of life satisfaction, are less happy and are more inclined towards permanent emigration. The author has used CRRC Caucasus Barometer survey database (2010) to construct a multidimensional social inclusion index, which describes the level of people’s involvement in social activities. It was found that about 20% of respondents have higher social exclusion level, while about 13% have highest level of social inclusion. The main areas of concentration are social relation field, civic and political engagement and economic life involvement. The author recommends calculating Social Inclusion Index on regular basis for monitoring the change in social inclusion processes in Armenia. Based on the main findings of the study he makes several policy recommendations aimed at increasing the level of social inclusion in our country.

Anahit Menemshan, Zaruhi Sargsyan

The Influence of Armenian Soap Operas (TV Serials) on the Formation of the Social Attitudes of Teenagers 
The paper focuses on the influence that Armenian Soap Operas have on social attitudes of teenagers. The main objective of this research is to find out the positive and negative influence of Armenian Soap Operas on the teenagers’ social behavior. The authors used data provided by the National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia as well as the data collected from surveys carried out among the teenagers all over the republic. The authors have studied the most popular TV series with different thematic focus, such as army, family, school etc, trying to reveal the messages they conveyed and attitudes of these soap opera fans towards different aspects of social life. The results of the study indicate that unlike the widespread belief of western scholars that media product embodies values of society, in Armenia it was found that negative values represented in the TV series don’t form negative social attitude. Thus, the authors try to draw the attention of the audience to the power of this media product and find a suitable application.

Anahit Poghosyan

Perceived role of Armenian Women in society: attitudes towards their political participation
Anahit Poghosyan sought to find out whether there are significant differences in attitudes towards women’s political participation and holding leading political positions between male and female citizens. Her study also aimed at discovering the obstacles towards the promotion of democracy and equal opportunities in Armenia. To test her null hypothesis that men have more negative attitudes towards women’s political participation than women the survey method was employed. The author's main findings show that the respondents generally believe that women should have equal opportunities of political participation. At the same time her findings reveal the general sentiments on Armenian women’s traditional role within the family. At the end the author demonstrated that men are more prone to think that politics is a man’s world than women's. With this statement the null hypothesis was accepted.

Gagik Galstyan

The impact of remittances on economic growth, poverty and income inequality in Armenia
Gagik Galstyan’s main goals for his paper were to demonstrate the positive and negative effects of remittances on issues such as long run GDP, poverty reduction, income inequality, etc. The author hypothesized whether the inflow of remittances affects income inequality (H1) and whether remittances harm current account (H2). In order to test the hypotheses the author applied several household and migrant survey databases, provided by the CRRC, International Labour Organization (ILO), the Central Bank of Armenia (CBA), National Statistical Service (NSS) and others. Regression analysis was performed  using those databases. This paper’s main results are that there is positive correlation between remittances and GDP growth, but in the long run remittances affect the GDP growth negatively. The author explained this phenomenon applying to concepts like moral hazard problem, brain drain or Dutch dicease. Testing the hypotheses H1 the author demonstrates that remittances positively influence Gini coefficient, which means that H1 is accepted. The author also discovered that remittances negatively influence Export, thus H2 is accepted as well.

Aleksandr Grigoryan

The role of remittances in migration: evidence from Armenia
Alexandr Grigoryan in his paper using cross-sectional data on non-migrant individuals’ and their households’ characteristics provided by European Training Foundation (ETF) Potential Migration Survey aimed at measuring the impact of remittances on intention to emigrate. Econometric analysis was performed in order to test the null hypothesis that it is not essential who is sending remittance, a household or non-household member. First of all the author demonstrates that those who have higher salary are more inclined towards emigration, due to the feeling of being more competitive in labor markets abroad.  His later findings are closely connected to the hypothesis. In this regard, the main findings of this research are that growth of remittances increases willingness to migrate, but at the same time presence of a migrant in a household establishes disincentives for non-migrants to migrate. With the help of this finding the null hypothesis is refuted.

Ella Karagulyan

Institutional and generalized trust in Armenia: individual level factors
Ella Karagulyan’s main objective within the framework of this paper was to analyze the determining factors of the individual level of social and political trust as far as the Armenian society is considered. The research was conducted using the CRRC Social Cohesion Survey database of 2011. The analysis consisted of exploratory and explanatory parts. The latter was based on OLS regression method. Using this method the effect of various socio-demographic, economic, attitudinal and other characteristics on the individual level of social and political trust in Armenia was analysed. The author’s main finding was that trust towards public institutions is dependent on where/by whom the person is brought up, i.e. family or close relatives. In contrast, as far as trust is personified it is done on the individual level. According to the author it would be suitable to apply the outcome when developing capacity building strategies.

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